elderly care, Health

Fibromyalgia and the Higher Risk of Dementia

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Those who suffer from Fibromyalgia may be at higher risk for dementia; this comes from a nationwide study performed in Taiwan.

The study, “Fibromyalgia and Risk of Dementia — A Nationwide, Population-Based, Cohort Study,” first appeared in The American Journal of the Medical Sciences.

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The researchers examined 41,612 patients with a new diagnosis of fibromyalgia and all of the patients were fifty years or older

Data From: National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan

The patients were diagnosed in the year 2000, and the researchers studied them for ten years.After ten years, 1,704 of the fibromyalgia patients developed dementia, compared to 4,419 of the controls. They observed that out of 41,612 fibromyalgia patients, 1,704 developed dementia.

The risk of developing dementia was a lot higher for fibromyalgia patients compared to those who were healthy.

Quote from the study: “Patients with several comorbid disorders, for example, epilepsy, Parkinson disease, stroke, traumatic brain injury, liver diseases, depression and psychotic illness, tended to have a higher risk of developing dementia before and after adjustments,” researchers wrote.

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So this suggests that there is a potential unknown common mechanism between fibromyalgia and mental disorders that increase the risk of dementia.

Therapy for diabetes, hypertension and high cholesterol, including statins which are a group of medications that reduce levels of low-density lipoprotein known as LDL, or “bad cholesterol” in the blood did not affect patients’ risk for developing dementia.

The subtypes of dementia affecting more fibromyalgia patients were that of Alzheimer’s dementia, nonvascular and vascular dementia.

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Patients who have fibromyalgia had:

“a 3.35-fold increased risk of developing Alzheimer dementia, a 3.14- fold increased risk of developing nonvascular dementia and a 2.72-fold increased risk of developing vascular dementia compared to the control group,”

Source:

APA: http://Www.science.gov. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.science.gov/topicpages/d/danish+nationwide+cohort

 

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Psychology

What is the Bystander Effect?

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The world has become a busy place full of people on a mission to get to their destination. In this busy world, we all call home; there may be an emergency situation in which bystanders will witness an accident, criminal attack or a domestic dispute between a couple. Events like the ones just mentioned have also happened in very public places. When an event happens in public, a phenomenon called the bystander effect occurs.

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The bystander effect is a phenomenon where people are less likely to help with another person when other individuals are in the same area. The more individuals in an area during an emergency situation, the chance that someone will help will be significantly reduced. These different components which cause the bystander effect. If there is a threat of harm, or someone is hurt already, people are less likely to help. If an emergency situation is shocking or bizarre, people are also less likely to help. The last situation that causes the bystander effect are emergencies that require help quickly. When an individual is exposed to an emergency, they go through five characteristics. The individual first notices that someone needs help than then decipher the situation being an emergency. The person then feels responsible for helping. The person then thinks of some form of aid, and finally, they help (Bystander Apathy Experiment, n.d.)

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The individual who helps in an emergency is showing pro-social behavior. Pro-social behavior is when a person behaves in ways that benefit someone else. Examples of pro-social behavior are helping individuals that need assistance, such as sharing food with someone who needs it, donating old clothing to a shelter, or volunteering at an elderly bingo night. These are all examples of pro-social behavior. Pro-social behavior comes in different forms such as altruism, which is when the individual is unselfish, and when someone needs help, he or she is quick to help without much time passing. Another form of pro-social behavior is the norm of reciprocity which is when an individual returns a favor, with a favor often people feel anger when someone does not reciprocate a favor (Mulder, Pouwelse, Lodewijkx, Bos, Dam, 2016).

The bystander effect was first studied in 1968, when Bibb Latane and John Darley investigated the effect and how it could have prevented the death of Kitty Genovese) Rosenthal, 2009). Genovese was sexually assaulted and murdered while over thirty people witnessed the crime. By the time authorities arrived Genovese was already dead (Butler, 2013). Latane and Darley began to conduct research and created the bystander apathy experiment. In the study participants have conversations with another person who is in another room, who is a recording. The recording is from an individual who is prone to having seizures. The person in the recording has a seizure during the conversation and Latane, and Darley evaluated how long it took the participants to react and respond to the person who had the seizure in the other room. Thirty-one percent of the participants in a group setting looked for help. Meanwhile, eighty-five percent who were in a one on one setting looked for help (Bystander Apathy Experiment, n.d.) Which is a significant difference when it comes to saving another person’s life.

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Sources:

Bastiaensens, S., Pabian, S., Vandebosch, H., Poels, K., Van Cleemput, K., DeSmet, A., & De Bourdeaudhuij, I. (2016). From Normative Influence to Social Pressure: How Relevant Others Affect Whether Bystanders Join in Cyberbullying. Social Development25(1), 193-211. doi:10.1111/sode.12134

Butler, F. (2013). Genovese, Kitty. In J. I. Ross (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Street Crime in America (pp. 173-174). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Reference. Retrieved from http://go.galegroup.com.library.capella.edu/ps/i.do?p=GVRL&sw=w&u=minn04804&v=2.1&it=r&id=GALE%7CCX3719700084&sid=summon&asid=30c944a3a5a32db2665a6e97e56de8b0

Bystander Apathy Experiment. (n.d.). Retrieved August 07, 2017, from https://explorable.com/bystander-apathy-experiment

Calkins, S. D., & Keane, S. P. (2009). Developmental origins of early antisocial behavior. Development and Psychopathology, 21(4), 1095-109. doi:http://dx.doi.org.library.capella.edu/10.1017/S095457940999006X

Fischer, P., Krueger, J. I., Greitemeyer, T., Vogrincic, C., Kastenmüller, A., Frey, D., & … Kainbacher, M. (2011). The bystander-effect: A meta-analytic review on bystander intervention in dangerous and non-dangerous emergencies. Psychological Bulletin, 137(4), 517-537. doi:10.1037/a0023304

Mulder, R., Pouwelse, M., Lodewijkx, H., Bos, A. R., & Dam, K. (2016). Predictors of Antisocial and Prosocial Behaviour of Bystanders in Workplace Mobbing. Journal Of Community & Applied Social Psychology26(3), 207-220. doi:10.1002/casp.2244

Rosenthal, A. M. (1999). Thirty-eight witnesses: The Kitty Genovese case. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Health

Quick Tips to Avoid Getting The Flu

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Quick Tips to Avoid Getting The Flu

  1. Avoid close contact with anyone in public. If you need to shake a person’s hand, wash your hands right after.
  2. Get a flu shot
  3. Don’t stay up late if you do not have to. It is essential to get t plenty of rest to keep your immune system high strong
  4. Keep your surroundings clean by keeping surfaces clean and disinfected.
  5. Use alcohol-based hand sanitizer and a couple of bottles of disinfectant spray.
  6. Wash your hands briskly for 15 seconds with warm water and soap.
  7. Disinfect your hands immediately after pumping gas, using an ATM Machine, grocery shopping, and anything that involves a lot of people’s hands touching.

 

elderly care

Elderly Advice on Modern Life

I came across this video on YouTube, and I wanted to share it.

I love hearing other peoples perspective on how life was before phones. I was able to experience 15 years without any smart technology. At 15 years old I remember we got dial-up internet. I honestly think both before and after were pretty awesome, and I was happy to experience both.

Chats

Beauty in Every Age

My grandmother recently had a couple days where she was depressed. It was triggered by me doing her hair in the mirror. She looked at herself and began crying because she thought she was ugly.

Are you kidding me? She’s one of the most beautiful people I’ve ever seen. I explained that she’s been on Earth for 93 years. That’s 93 years of good times, bad times, crazy times, and challenges. It’s not about looks because even the prettiest people can have the ugliest attitudes, and guess what…

BEAUTY IS TEMPORARY.

So I started researching ways to make my grandmother feel better, and I came across this video.

I don’t know how many ways I can say this, but life, the real CORE of it, has nothing to do with looks.

It’s the INSIDE that makes someone BEAUTIFUL or UGLY.

Health

Migraines Linked To Heart Issues

I often get migraines, and now that migraines are tied to heart trouble I am officially scared.

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So according to HealthDay Reporter, migraines are now associated with increased heart attack, blood clots, irregular heart rates, and strokes.

The heart issues are the strongest after the first year of diagnosis.

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“Accumulating evidence supports that a migraine should be considered as an important risk factor for most cardiovascular diseases in both men and women,” Dr. Kasper Adelborg said.

Migraines affect 15% of individuals, mainly women.

“Although the absolute risks of cardiovascular diseases were low at the individual level, it translates into a substantial increase in risk at the population level, because a migraine is a very common disease,” he explained.

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According to the research, for every 1,000 people:

  1. 25 migraine patients had a heart attack-compared with 17 migraine-free people.
  2. 45 migraine sufferers had a blood clot-related stroke versus 25 without the headache disorder.
  3. 27 migraine patients developed life-threatening blood clots in their veins, compared with 18 people without migraines.
  4. 47 people with a migraine developed an irregular heartbeat, versus 34 migraine-free people.

Dr. Gerald Fletcher states that he thinks the cause of migraines has to do with blood pressure, and its related in that aspect.

 

Source: Migraines Linked To Higher Heart Trouble Risk | Healthy women. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.healthywomen.org/content/article/migraines-linked-higher-heart-troubl

Resources

Start a Blog in a Few Steps

Today’s post is about starting a blog and how I did it.

pexels-photo-459688.jpegYou should first choose a blogging platform, a name you will use for the domain, and lastly a hosting option. I choose WordPress, the free option. Before this, I tested out Blogger.Next, design your blog.

Tumblr, WordPress, and Blogger have templates you can use and customize as you like.

You’re obviously going to need content, do research and find something interesting to write about.

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Use photographs to tell a story, either your own or stock photography websites.

I created a blog post on all the resources I use for this blog: HERE 

 

History

New Tomb Discovered in Cairo

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Ancient Eqypt is fascinating, and recently Archaeologists discovered a 4,400-year-old tomb.

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The archaeologists say that the tomb may have belonged to a high-ranking official identified as Hetpet throughout the 5th Dynasty of ancient Egypt. The tomb has wall paintings portraying Hetpet observing various hunting and fishing scenes.

Mostafa Al-Waziri, who’s a part of the mission, says the paintings depict a monkey which was domestic animals at the time. Al-Waziri believes Hetpet was a woman who may have been close to ancient Egyptian royals.

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Excavation work has already begun for the other tomb.

As more information about this comes along, I will share it with you!

 

Source:

https://nypost.com/2018/02/03/egypt-says-4400-year-old-tomb-discovered-outside-cairo